Maths at Holly Lodge
At Holly Lodge our aim is to ensure that mathematics is taught throughout the school in accordance with the new 2014 National Curriculum.
The national curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:
- become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics,
- reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry,
- can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of contexts.
In the Early Years Foundation Stage children learn to recognise, count, order and record numbers. They develop skills in adding and subtracting, and using numbers in problem solving situations. Children explore shapes, learning language to name and describe them. They have opportunities to compare measurements and to use non-standard measurements in their play.
As children move into Key Stage 1, they continue to explore and investigate mathematical concepts to gain a deeper understanding before moving onto simple written calculations. Children are taught to explore mathematical patterns and connections and to talk about their methods and reasoning using appropriate mathematical language and vocabulary. There is a strong emphasis on mental mathematics, problem solving and using and applying mathematics in everyday contexts. We seek to make mathematics active, enjoyable and creative and aim for pupils to have a sound basic knowledge of key mathematical concepts.
At the end of Year 2, all children will sit the National Curriculum Tests for Key Stage 1. This will include a short arithmetic test of 15 questions, and a second paper of broader mathematics which will last around 35 minutes.
In Years 3 and 4, the focus of mathematics is on the mastery of the four operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) so that children can carry out calculations mentally, and using written methods. In Year 3 your child is likely to be introduced to the standard written column methods of addition and subtraction.
By the end of Year 4, children will be expected to know all of their times tables up to 12 x 12 by heart. This means not only recalling them in order but also being able to answer any times table question at random, and also knowing the related division facts. For example, in knowing that 6 x 8 = 48, children can also know the related facts that 8 x 6 = 48 and that 48 ÷ 6 = 8 and 48 ÷ 8 = 6. This expertise will be particularly useful when solving larger problems and working with fractions.
During the years of upper Key Stage 2 (Year 5 and Year 6), children use their knowledge of number bonds and multiplication tables to tackle more complex problems, including larger multiplication and division, and meeting new material. In Year 5, this includes more work on calculations with fractions and decimals, and using considerably larger numbers than previously.
By the end of Year 6, children are expected to be confident with the use of all four standard methods for written calculations, and to have secured their knowledge of the key number facts for the four operations. Their work will focus more on fractions, ratio, proportion and the introduction of algebra.
In May of Year 6, children will take an arithmetic test of thirty minutes, and two broader mathematics tests of forty minutes each. These will be sent away for marking, with the results coming back before the end of the year. Your child’s teacher will also make an assessment of whether or not your child has reached the expected standard by the end of the Key Stage.
Our particular focus this year is to improve mental maths throughout the school and ensure that all children are given the skills to be able to recall number facts, such as number bonds and times tables facts. In addition we want children to be able to consolidate their mathematics learning and be able to apply their knowledge in a variety of contexts.
By the end of each key stage, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programme of study in the National curriculum. Please click on the link below to look at the National curriculum for mathematics and scroll to the relevant programme of study for your children.
Our Maths Calculations policy & Maths Policy can be found here: